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Feb 9 th, 2016
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Towards Freedom – One Liners Ingenuity 17

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• C. R. Das and Motilal Nehru founded the Congress Khilafat Swarajya Party in December 1922

• Vithalbhai J.Patel was elected as the president of the central legislative assembly in 1925

• Swarajists first moved out of the central assembly in march 1926

• In the house of Maulana Mohammad Ali Gandhiji went on a strike in September in 1924

• In August 1928 first All-Bengal Conference of students held

• Muzaffar Ahmed and S.A.Dange were tried in the conspiracy case of Kanpur

• Vallabh Bhai Patel led the bardoli satyagraha

• Bombay textiles mills strike was the most important strike of 1928

• In Madras session of 1927 congress decided to boycott the simon commission “at every stage and in every form”

• In December 1928 Gandhiji returned to active politics after the non-cooperation movement

• Jawahar Lal Nehru became the president of the commission at the Lahore session in 1929

• 26th January 1930 was fixed by the Congress session at Lahore as the first Independence Day

• On 12th March 1930 gandhiji’s Dandi March took place

• Gandhiji started his Dandi March from Sabarmati ashram

• During the civil disobedience movement: Maharashtra, Karnatka and Central provinces became famous for their defiance of forest laws

• Abdul Gaffar Khan was known as the Frontier Gandhi

• In Peshawar Garhwali soldiers refuse to open fire on non violent mass demonstration during the civil disobedience movement

• Rani Gaidilieu was a brave heroine produced by Nagaland
o Jawahar Lal Nehru remarked on Gaidilieu as: “A day will come when India also will remember and cherish her

• In March 1931 Irwin and Gandhi negotiate a settlement
o This settlement was approved by congress at its Karachi session

• Gandhi went to England in 1931 to attend the Second Round Table conference in September

• Khudai Khidmatgars led a peasant movement against the government’s land revenue policy in the NWFP

• Willingdon replaced Irwin as the Viceroy in 1931

• In eastern Godavari in Andhra were four persons killed for putting up Gandhi’s portrait

• In May 1933 congress officially suspended the Civil Disobedience Movement

• Unionist Party formed the government in the Punjab

• In 1929 economic depression hit the United States

• Jawahar lal Nehru became the congress president in 1929, 1936 and 1937

• S. C. Bose became the Congress President in 1938 and 1939

• J. L. Nehru said : “I am convinced that the only key to the solution of the world’s problems and of India’s problems lies in Socialism”

• S. C. Bose was the congress president when the National Planning Committee was formed

• J. L. Nehru chaired the Congress National Planning Committee in 1938

• Gandhiji declared in 1942: “the land belongs to those who will work in it and none else”

• Acharya Prakash Narayan founded the party “Congress Socialist”

• S. C. Bose resigned from the president ship of the congress in April 1939

• The All India Students Federation and the All India Progressive Writers Association were formed in the 1930s

• Nehru was elected to the executive council of the league against imperialism

• In Madras session of the congress it warned government that the people of India would not support Britain in any war undertaken to further its imperialist aims

• Dr. M. Atal led a medical mission to China in 1938

• Under the act of 1919, transferred subjects were administered by the Governor and his executive council

• 1919 Act gave representation to the Sikhs, anglo-Indians, Europeans and Christians along with Muslims

• C. R. Das presided over the Gaya session of Congress in December 1922

• S. V. Tambe was the leader of the swaraj Party in the Central provinces

• Simon commission was also known as the white men commission

• G. B. Pant led the demonstration against the simon commission at Lucknow

• Lala Lajpat Rai last words were: “Every blow on my body will provea nail in the coffin of the British empire”

• Shiva Swamy Iyer found the Simon Commission report fit for throwing into a basket
o Motilal Nehur was the head of the above mentioned committee

• In July 1928 was the Nehru report published
o In August, 1928 Nehru report was adopted by the congress
o Kharak Singh was the president of the muslim league who rejected the Nehru report

• Second round Table Conference held on 7th September, 1931

• 148 seats were reserved by the Poona pact in the provincial legislatures for the Depressed classes

• 3rd Round Table conference
o 17 November – 24 December 1932

• British government issued a white paper in March 1933

• In July 1933 congress decided to launch an individual Civil Disobedience

• Two new provinces created as a result of the Act of 1935 was Orissa and Sindh

• 1935 Act proposed for the establishment of an All India federation
o C. Y. Chintamani called the federation proposed by this act as a ‘Lame Federation’

• Jawahar Lal Nehru termed the 1935 Act as a ‘charter of Slavery’

• M. A. Jinnah described the 1935 Act as “thoroughly rotten, fundamentally bad and totally unacceptable”

• In September 1939 2nd World war broke out

• In October 1940 Gandhiji called for a limited satyagraha by a few selected individuals

• Vinoba Bhave was the first to offer individual satyagraha

• In March 1942 cabinet mission came to India

• Stafford Cripps declared in 1942 that the aim of British policy in India was “the earliest possible realization od self-government in India”

• Congress passed the Quit India resolution on 8th August, 1942

• Gandhiji said: “I, therefore, want freedom immediately this very night, before dawn, if it can be had”

• In September 1942 Subhash Chandra Bose escaped India
o He first went to Soviet Union in March 1941

• Namazbaksh took steps for the organization of the INA before the arrival of S. C. Bose

• 2nd World War ended in Europe in April 1945

• The INA officers: Shah Nawaz Khan, Gurdail Singh Dhillon and Prem Sehgal tried at the Red Fort in Delhi

• In February 1946 the revolt of the Indian naval ratings at Bombay occur

• On 12 February, 1946 there was a mass demonstration in Calcutta to demand the release of Abdur Rashid

• The British government made the ‘August offer’ on 8th August 1940

• Individual satyagraha was started on 17th October 1940

• Jawahar Lal Nehru, Abdul Kalam Azad, G. B. Pant, Aruna Asif Ali etc. imprisoned during the Quit India movement at Ahmadnagar fort

• Congress Socialist Party decided to carry on the Quit India Movement in the absence of the congress

• Jaya Prakash Narayan leader of the CSP played a key role in the Quit India Movement

• Dr. Amba Prasad called the Quit India Movement as ‘Student-Fanner Middle class Revolt’

• In was in Haridwar where Hindu Mahasabha established in 1915
o It was Madan Mohan Malviya who founded it
o This HMS a politico-religious party gave the call of ‘undivided India’

• Quit India movement was described by Linlithgow as the most dangerous since 1857

• Communist party described itself as: ‘we are a practical party and in a new situation it is our task not only to evolve a new form of struggle for it but also to advance new slogans’

• S. C. Bose was imprisoned in Mandalay in October 1924

• Pattabhi Sitaramayya was Gandhiji’s candidate defeated by S. C. Bose in the congress presidential election in 1939

• Udham Singh assassinated General Dyer in London on 13 March, 1940

• Rash Bahari Bose was the elder brother of S. C. Bose

• S. C. Bose was 1st addressed as netaji in germany

• S. C. Bose escaped from India on 16 February, 1941 in the guise of a pathan
o He gave the call of ‘dilli chalo’ in Singapore
o He became the supreme commander of the INA in October, 1943
o He gave the slogan of ‘Jai Hind’
o After Lakshmibai name he raised a women detachment of the INA

• In Karachi some soldiers of Air Force stage a hartal against the British government on 20th January, 1946

• Revolt in the Royal Indian Navy on 19th February, 1946 came to an end due to the efforts of Jawahar Lal Nehru

• Mountbatten came to India as Viceroy in March 1947

• On 3rd June 1947 announcement that India and Pakistan would be free was made

• Rabindranath Tagore remarked in 1941: “The wheels of fate will some day compel the English to give up their Indian Empire. But what kind of India will they leave behind”

• Lord Wavell came to India as the New Viceroy in October 1943

• Wavell plan was brought out on 14th June, 1945

• Pethick Lawrence became the Secretary of State for India in 1945

• On 19th September 1945 Wavell announced general elections in India

• On 24th March, 1946 cabinet mission came to India
o While this plan was issued on 16th May 1946
o Congress accepted this plan on 25 June, 1946

• Elections for the formation of a constituent assembly held in July 1946

• 16th August 1946 was fixed by the Muslim League as the ‘Direct Action day’

• Jawahar Lal Nehru led the interim government formed on 2nd September, 1946
o Muslim League joined the interim government on 26th October, 1946

• G. B. Pant moved the resolution in the A.I.C.C. for ratification of the mountbatten plan

• Vallabh Bhai Patel said that if the plan for India’s partition had not been accepted, then “we would not have one Pakistan but several”

• On 4th July 1947 British parliament passed the Indian Independence Act
o And British government enacted the Indian Independence Act on 11th July, 1947

• Vallabh Bhai Patel became the 1st Governor General of Independent India

• Muhammad Ali Jinnah became the 1st Governor General of Pakistan

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