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Feb 9 th, 2016
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Rise of Autonomous States – One Liners Ingenuity 16

Rise of autonomous states

• Murshid Qulu Khan translated his capital from Dacca to Murshidabad
o Suppressed the revolt of local zamindars

• ________granted the right to fre trade to British in Bengal, Bihar and Orissa

• Siraj-ud-daula fought the Battle of Plassey against Colonel Clive and Admiral Watson
o He founded the independent state of Bengal
o Siraj-ud-Daula signed the treaty of Alinagar with British
o Black hole episode

• ________transferred his capital from Faizabad to Lucknow

• Mir Qasim fought the battle of buxar against Major Hector Munro in alliance with Shah Alam II and Shuja-ud-daula

• Mir Qasim: transferred capital from Murshidabad to Mungliyr in 1762
Safdar Jung: Wazir of Mughal empire
Wazid Ali Shah: was himself a poet and expert in Kathak dance

• Hyder Ali
o Founder of Mysore as an independent state with its capital Seringapatnam
o He tried to strengthen organize and discipline his army with the help of French
o He fought 1st Anglo Mysore war and died during the 2nd Anglo Mysore was

• Mir Jafar
o Surrendered French settlements to British

• Chin Qulich Khan was the founder of Hyderabad as an independent state

• Sadat Khan was given the title of Burhan Mulk

• Tipu Sultan showed interest in French revolution and planted the Tree of Liberty at Seringapatnam
o He was 1st to apply western method in the organization of administration

• Maharaja Ranjit Singh
o He acquired Kohinoor from Shah Shuja of Afghanistan
o He belong to Sukerchakia mist

• Ram Mohan Roy was the 1st Indian leader to start an agitation for political reforms in India

• The most important work of the early nationalists was their critique of imperialism economic

• Dadabhai Naoroji declared that British rule was “an everlasting, increasing and everyday increasing foreign invasion”
o He declared in 1906 that the goal of the Indian national movement was “self government or Swaraj like that of the United Kingdom or the colonies”
o He said “Freedom is the vary breadth of our life, we want freedom”

• Vivekananda was admired as the tempestuous Hindu in America

• Aurobindo Ghosh was the militant nationalist to return to India from England in 1893

• Natu brothers set up the society for the removal of obstacles to the Hindu religion

• Chapekar brothers were caught and hanged by Rand and Aryst
o This brothers formed the ‘Hindu Dharma Sangrakshini Sabha in 1893’

• Maratha and Kesari were the two newspapers published by Tilak in 1881
o Tilak played a key role in spreading all swadeshi movement to the rest of the country

• Lala lajpat rai was known as ‘sher-e-punjab’
o He published newspapers ‘The Punjabi’ and ‘The Pupil’

• Nav Gopal Mitra a nationalist leader was associated with ‘Hindu Mela’

• Bipin Chandra Pal is considered as the initiator of modern Indian nationalism
o He used the name of kali and Durga to inspire the feelings of self confidence, self sacrifice and self pride among the people

• Bankim Chattopadhyay was considered as Walter Scott of Bengal by Bipin Chandra Pal

• Bande Mataram newspaper was started by Bipin Chandra Pal in 1906

• Aurobindo Ghosh remarked: “Nationalism is the religion and it is a gift of God”
o A national Congress with Aurobindo Ghosh as Principal was started in Calcutta
o He declared: “Political freedom is life breadth of a nation”

• Risley was the Home Secretary to the GoI in 1904

• On 7th August 1905 , a massive demonstration against partition was organized in the town hall in Calcutta

• Rabindranath Tagore composed ‘Amar Sonar Bangla’

• Anand Mohan Bose laid the foundation of a federation hall at Calcutta in 1905

• Curzon declared that the partition was “to invest the Mohammadans in Eastern Bengal with a unity which they have not enjoyed since the day of the old Mussalman Viceroys and Kings”

• 19th July 1905 Government formally proposed the partition of Bengal
o Brodrick was the Secretary of State when partition of Bengal took takes place

• In April, 1907 seven articles titled ‘Doctrine of passive Resistance’ published

• Surendra Nath Banerjee likened the declaration of partition to a bomb shell

• On Montford did Khudiram Bose and Prafulla Chaki intended to drop a bomb

• Anushilan Samiti secret society threw a bomb on the viceroy Lord hardinge

• Mahatma Gandhi said: “Religion is the personal affair of each individual, It must not be mixed up with politics or national affairs”

• V.D.Savarkar wrote the book ‘The Indian war of Independence which was seized by the government before being published’
o Indian War of Independence book reached India under the titles of ‘Peak-Weak Papers’, Scotts Papers etc.

• Mrs. Kennedy was killed instead of Kingsford by Khudiram Bose and Prafulla Chaki

• At Chandni Chowk in Delhi a bomb was thrown on the procession of hardinge in 1911

• Lala Hardayal is the revolutionary supposed to be the mastermind in the attack on Hardinge

• Satpal Singh informed the government about the Gadar party’s lan of a revolt in India

• Madam Kama participated in the international conference at Stutteguard in 1907

• Sohan Singh Bhakna was the 1st president of the Gadar party

• Raja Mahendra Pratap set up a government in exile for India’s independence in Kabul

• S. A. Khan brought out the urdu newspaper ‘Tahjib-al Akhlaq’
o S. A. Khan founded the ‘patriotic association’

• Maulana Qasim Nanautavi founded the ‘Dar-ul Ulema’ madrasa at Deoband in 1866

• Liyaqat Ullah Sahib founded the ‘Jamaitul Ulema-i-Hind’ in 1919

• Saiyid Ahmad Khan wrote the book ‘Ashab e-Bagawat-e-Hind’

• Theodore Beck was the principal of Aligarh Muslim College during 1883-1899

• The meeting between the Muslim delegates and Viceroy of India, Lord Minto took place at Simla in October 1906

• Aga Khan led the muslim delegation to the viceroy in 1906
o Became the President of Muslim league in 1908

• Nawab Waqar-ul-Mulk presided over the muslim conference of 30th October, 1906 which resulted in the All India Muslim League
o This conference held on the invitation of Salimullah Khan

• At Karachi the constitution of the muslim league prepared

• Gopal Krishna Gokhale presided over the Banaras session of the Congress

• In 1903 congress passed the resolution on swaraj, national education and boycott of foreign goods in its session

• Rash Behari Bose was the President of the Congress in 1907

• Annie Besant described the exclusion of extremists from the congress as a ‘sad incident’
o She tried to organize an ‘Indian Home rule Party’ in the British Parliament in 1913-1914
o “Common will” weekly paper was brought out by Besant in 1914
o Also brought a daily called “New India”
o Also was the President of the Madras Home Rule League in 1916

• Nawab Saiyid Muhammad Bahadur presided over the Karachi session of the congress in 1913

• In 1916 Lucknow session held, where the extremists same back into congress

• Muhammad Ali Jinnah presided over the 1915 session of the Muslim League
Gandhian Era (1917-1947)

• Hasan Imam was the President of the special session of the congress held in August 1918

• Rowlatt Act of 1919 authorised the Government ti imprison any person without trial

• From 1893-1914 Ghandhiji stayed in Africa
o Gandhiji said: “Non-violence is the law of our species as violence is the law of the brute”
o He said “The only virtue want to claim is truth and non violence
o Young India was the famous weekly journal by him 1919-1932
o After coming to India he spent an entire year in travelling
o Sabarmati ashram was founded at Ahmedabad
o Peasant struggle in which he participated in 1918 took place at Kheda
o He said: “I shall work for an India which the poorest shall feel that it is their country”
o He said: “That Indian culture is neither Hindu, Islamic nor any other wholly, it is a fusion of all”
o In 1920 He declare that the khilafat question overshadowed that of the constitutional reforms ad the Punjab wrongs
o He said that “non-cooperation with evil is as much a duty as is cooperation with good
o He said himself initially as the recruiting sergeant of the British government
o He said that ‘satyagraha is a spiritual principle which is based on the love for mankind’
o He said that : ‘I believe that non violence has the power to solve all problems]He coined the term harijan for depressed classes
o He wanted to establish Ram Rajya in India
o He accepted Gopal Krishna Gokhale as his Guru
o He was the 1st to use the term ‘hartal’ in 1919
o On 1st of August, 1920 he informed the viceroy of his plans to begin non-cooperation with the government

• Arrest of two doctors i.e. Saifuddin Kitchlew and Satyapal lead a crowd to gather at Jallianwala Bhagh

• General Dyer was the military commander of Amritsar responsible for the Jallianwala Bagh massacre

• Rabindranath Tagore renounced his knighthood in protest against the Jallianwala Bagh massacre

• At Delhi the All India Khilafat Conference decided to withdraw all cooperation from the government if their demands are not met

• In June 1920 an all party conference met at Allahabad to approve a programme of boycott of schools, colleges and law courts

• The congress decision to defy the government and its laws was endorsed at the session of Nagpur

• Nagpur session of the congress held in December 1920

• In July 1921 the All India Khilafat Committee passed a resolution declaring that no Muslim should serve in the British Indian Army

• In September 1921 Ali brothers arrested for sedition

• In November 1921 the Prince of Wales visited India

• 36th Ahmedabad Session of congress and annual session held in 1921

• In midnapore peasants refuse to pay the Union Board taxes during the non-cooperation movement

• Chirala town in Guntur district refused to pay municipal taxes

• At Bardoli congress working committee met on 12th February 1922

• 37th Session at Gaya under C.R. Das

• Jawahar Lal Nehru said: “The essence of Gandhiji’s teaching was fearlessness not merely body courage but the absence of fear from mind”

• Hindustan republican association was founded in October 1924

• Lala Lajpat Rai was killed as a result of brutal lathi charge on an anti-simon commission in 1928
o Saunders was the British officer who led the brutal lathi charge on Lajpat Rai

• Chittagong armoury raid took place in April 1930
o Surya Sen led the armed raid on Chittagong armoury in 1930

• A remarkable aspect of the terrorist movement in Bengal was the participation of young women

• Revolutionary Jatin Das laid down his life after a 63 day fast

• Bhagat Singh said: “:The peasants have to liberate themselves not only from foreign yoke but also from the yoke of landlords and capitalists”

• In March 1929 31 prominent trade union and communist leaders arrested in the Meerut conspiracy case

• Tarashankar Bandhopadhyay wrote the novel ‘Neel Darpan’

• Hutler committee was appointed to enquire into the Jallianwala Bagh incident

• Khilafat committee was formed in September 1919

• British signed the treaty of Tibers in 10th August 1920

• Ashfaqullah Khan was the 1st Muslim revolutionary of India to be hanged for the sake of the country’s freedom

• HArikishen Talwar made an attempt to shoot the Governor of Punjab in 1930

• Madan Lal Dhingra and Kartar Singh Saraba were the inspirators of Bhagat Singh

• At Kanpur Bhagat Singh came into contact with Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi, Sachindranath Sanyal and Chandra Shekhar Azad

• With Chhabil Das and Yashpal help or association Bhagat Singh set up the Naujawan Bharat Sabha in 1926

• The raids on government armouries at Chittagong, Maimensingh and Barisal was conducted under the leadership of Surya Sen.

• Ambika Chakrabarti, Loknath Bal and Ganesh Ghosh were associates of Surya Sen

• Surya Sen and Ambika Chakravarti escaped to Jalalabad hills when pursued by the police

• Preetilata Wadekar was the woman revolutionary to attack a European club.

(cover pic source: www.meritnation.com)

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