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Feb 9 th, 2016
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Mughal Society, Culture and Religion – One Liners Ingenuity 8

9

• Taj mahal brought together all the architectural forms developed by the mughals

• Humanyun’s tomb (Built at Delhi, at the beginning of Akbar’s reign) may be considered as a precursor of the Taj

• Harmindar Sahib or Golden Temple is the sikh shrine built on the arch and dome principle

• Jaswant and Dasawan are two of the famous painters of Akbar’s court

• Jahangir claimed hat he would distinguish the work of each artist in a picture

• Principles of before shortening feature of European painting was adopted by the Mughals

• The Rajasthani style of painting combined the themes of western India or Jain school of painting with the Mughal styles

• Hindi poet Tulsidas during Akbar’s time pleaded for a modified caste system based not on birth but on individual qualities

• During Aurangzeb’s reign were the largest number of books on classical Indian music in Persian written

• Tukaram a saint poet of Maharashtra claimed that he was born a Shudra, used to do puja to the god with his own hands

• Raghunandan of Navadwipa (Bengal) considered to be the most influential writer on the dharmashastras during the medieval period

• Shaikh Ahmad Sirhindi was the most renowned figure in the Muslim orthodox and revivalist movement of the Mughal period

• Most of the buildings in the Agra fort pulled down by Shahjahan to make way for marble ones

• The most well known building of Jahangir’s reign was “the mausoleoum he built for his father at Sikandra, Agra”

• Most well known architectural project of Nur Jahan was White marble mausoleoum she built near Agra for her father Itimad-ud-daula

• Shah Jahan commissioned the Jama Masjid within the precints of the dargah of the sufi saints Moinuddin Chisti at Ajmer

• Jahangirs mausoleoumwas built in Lahore by Shah Jahan

• Akbarabad gate (Delhi gate) and Lahoe gate led to the new city of Shahjahanabad at Delhi built by Shah Jahan in 1639

• Shah Jahan built Taj Mahal in the memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal

• Aurangzeb among mughals is said to have repaired more mosques than any other Mughal emperor

• Moti Masjid was built by Aurangzeb in the Shahjahanabad fort

• Dost Muhammad was the Persian painter who accompanied Humayun on his journey from Iran to Hindustan

• Daswanth illustrated the Razmnama (Persian translation of the Mahabharata)

• Taarikh-i-Alfi, Timur nama and Akbarnama were ordered by Akbar for painting

• Akbarnama (a history of his own reign) was the most important of Akbar’s historical projects

• The Jesus missionaries presented Akbar with illustrated copies of the Bible

• Jahangir Nama was the only important historical manuscript illustrated during Jahangir’s reign

• Jahangir amonf Mughals commissioned individual pictures and portraits which he placed in elegant albums

• Rajput school of painting has been described as fundamentally “the old indigenous in elegant albums”

• Shah Jahan patronized Hindu poets like Sunder das, Chintamani, Kavindracharya and Jagannath Pandit

• Prannath (1617-1693) saint was the spiritual guide of the Bundela raja Chhatra sal

• Puritanical measures taken by Aurangzeb in 1669 were
o Forbade singing in the court
o Official musicians were pensioned off; discontinued jharokha darshan, forbade astrologers to prepare almanac
o Forbade the ceremony of weighing the emperor

• During Aurangzeb’s reign were the largest number of Persian works on classical Indian music written

• During Aurangzeb’s reign were the Vishwanath temple at Banaras and Keshava Rai temple at Mathura destroyed

• Guru Gobind Singh (founded the khalsa in 1699) was responsible for the sikh movement turning into a military brotherhood

• Indar Singh (grandson of Jaswant Singh’s elder brother Amar Singh) was Aurangzeb’s choice for the gaddi of Jodhpur after Jaswant Singh’s death in 1678

• Tavernier a foreign traveler has provided a description of the Vishwanath temple at Banarasprior to its destruction

• Saqi Mustaid Khan a medieval chronicler has recorded Aurangzeb’s order of 1669 that all schools and temples of non-muslims be razed
o Saqi Mustaid khan : commented on this measures as “The Hindus had not been degraded to such a degree in any
other period

• Bhim sen a medieval chronicler has compared the fall of satnamis with the great Mahabharata war

• Dasam Grantha is a sikh book which contains writings of Guru Gobind Singh

• Nirmalas: A title bestowed upon sikh teachers revered for their learning and piety

• K’s which a sikh required to observe on taking the pledge of Khalsa are: Kesh, Krapan, Kanga, Kachcha and Kada

• Banda Bahadur was the disciple of Guru Gobind Singh who was paraded on the streets of Delhi before being executed in 1715

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