Feb 9 th, 2016
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1857 revolt

• Shah Wali Ullah was the 1st muslim leader in India to express concerns over the miseries of muslims

• SAiyid Ahmed Raebarelvi called the wahabi movement as a holy war

• Kuka movement was also known as the Namdhari movement
o Ram singh of this movement was the 1st person to adopt the policy of non-cooperation against British
o __________was the commissioner of Ambala when Ram Singh died
o In Hoshiarpur Namdharis confronted British on the issue of cow-slaughter
o Cowan was the Deputy Commissioner of Ludhiana responsible for the execution of 49 Namdharis on 16 Jan 1872

• Ram Singh stressed on the need for recitation of Chandi Path, Guruwani, Nama Jap and Asha divar

• Siddhu and Kahnu were the kings of Santhal army
o Colonel Cird was given special command to suppress the Santhals

• Vasudeo Balwant Phadke was the 1st man after the revolt of 1857 who wished to overthrow the British rule by an armed rebellion

• In the annexation of Awadh state government’s mismanagement was made a ground

• In 1850 a law was enacted which enabled convert to Christianity to inherit its ancestral property

• The revolt of 1857 started with the muting of sepoys at meerut
o Bakht Khan brought the Bareilly troops to Delhi
o Begum Hazarat Mahal led the revolt at Lucknow
o Kunwar Singh was the most outstanding military leader and strategist of the revolt
o The revolt was mainly remained confined to Northern and Central India
o Moneylenders were the main chief targets of the villagers attack during the revolt
o Nana Saheb was escaped to Nepal after being defeated
o R.D.Mangles was the head of EIC in 1857
o Mangal Pandey was the first victim of the revolt
o Ripley was the British officer of Delhi when the revolt took place
o Illahibaksh was instrumental in the arrest of Bahadur Shah II by the British and it was Colin Campbell who shot dead his two sons
o Henry Lawrence was the British resident at Lucknow at the time of revolt
o At Sati Chaura in Kanpur British families was shot dead when the revolt started
o With the help of Tantia Tope, Rani Lakshmi Bai captured Gwalior’
o Ranga Bapuji Gupte was the initiator of revolt in Maharashtra
o Sultan Baksh of mughal lineage was instrumental in fanning the revolt at Chengalpet
o Nana Saheb played a key role in spreading the muting of 1857 in many parts of South India
o Charles Raikes wrote “notes on the revolt in North Western Provinces of India”
o L.E.R.Rees considered the revolt as a war of “the orthodoxy against Christianity”
o Foreign author “Taleboys Wheeler” described the revolt as true to the “Asiatic Nature”
o V.D.Savarkar was the 1st nationalist leader to call the revolt as an organized war for national independence
o Ashok Mehta has written the book: “The Great Rebellion”
o Surendranath Sen wrote: “The war which began for religion ended up as a war of Independence”

• __________act made it mandatory for new recruit to serve even overseas , if required

• Fredrick Halliday was the Lieutenant Governor in 1858

• Azimullah was the royal servant of Nana Saheb who was also an expert in political propaganda

• Lord Canning remarked that “Indian rulers acted as breakwaters to the storm”

• Lord Ellenborough was the Governor General who discontinued the practice of giving gifts to Bahadur Shah

• Lod Dalhousie banned the practice of adopting a child i.e. doctrine of Lapse

• Man Singh Rajput said this while dying: “Now the influence of the Britishers has reduced. Siblings of Hindus and Muslims get up do not be a spectator alone at this juncture of the Indian History

• Board of Council was to have the powers to govern India under the act of 1858
o Under the Act of 1858 the title of Governor General was changed to Viceroy and Lord Canning was the 1st Viceroy of Inida

• Satyendranath Tagore was the 1st Indian to successfully compete in the Civil Services Examination

• Kimberley was the secretary of state in 1893

• Lansdowne stressed on “tic absolute necessity of keeping the government …in European hands, is that Empire is to be maintained”

• P.E.Roberts commented: “to preserve the princely states as a bulwark of the Empire has ever been a principle of British Policy”

• Lord Lytton said: “the crown of England should be …identified with…interests of a powerful native aristocracy”
o Also he proposed a plan for statutory Civil Services in 1879

• Jawaharlal Nehru wrote the book “Discovery of India”
o He commented that we in India have known racialism in all its forms ever since the commencement of British rule

• Thibaw was the king of Burma when it was annexed to India

• In 1860 a law was passed in the British Parliament that restricted the future employment of Europeans in local force

• From 1861 Act the portfolio system was came into being

• Malhar Rao gaekwad was deposed in 1874

• Amrit Bazaar Patrika which was a Bengali newspaper was turned into English over night following the Vernacular Press Act

• The population of India in 1891 was 23.67 Crores

• Ethnographic Survey of India was associated with Herbert Risley

• H.R.Rose wrote: “A Glossary of the Tribes and caste of the Punjab and NWFP”

• Cornwallis:
o Brought civil services into existence
o As a Governor General laid out that promotion in the Civil Services would be based on seniority
o He established a system of circles of thanas
o He separated the posts of the Civil Judge and the Collector

• Fort William college was established by Lord Wellesley for the education of Civil Servants

• The official position of Lord Macaulay in the Governor General’s in Council was Law member

(Cover pic source: wikepedia)

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