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Feb 9 th, 2016
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Advent of the Europeans and Ascendants of the British – One Liners Ingenuity 12

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• 2nd Portuguese governor Alfonso d’ Albuquerque captured Goa in 1510

• It was Hawkins who was made to go to Jahangir’s court in 1608 to obtain royal favours

• Fort St. George was built by English around their factory at Madras

• English opened their 1st factory in Eastern India at Orissa

• Near Calcutta French established themselves at Chandarnagore

• After his father Anwar-ud-Din’s death Muhammad Ali flee to Trichinopoly

• Masulipatnam was given to French by Muzaffar Jung when he became Nizam

• Bussy raised Salabat jung as the new nizam after the death of Muzaffar Jung

• Fortification at Calcutta by EIC marked the breaking point between English and Siraj-ud-daula

• English factory of Qasimbazar was seized by Siraj-ud-daula before marching onto Calcutta

• Nabin Chandra Sen a Bengali poet described Battle of Plassey as “a night of eternal gloom for India”

• It was Mir Qasim who gave the zamindari of Chittagong, midnapore and Burdwan to EIC

• Mir Jafar (1691-1765) [Nawab of Bengal 1757-1760 and 1763-1765] was preceded by Siraj ud-Daulah (before 1757) and Mir Qasim (before 1763) and succeded by Mir Qasim (after 1760) and Najimuddin Ali Khan (after 1765)

• From Shah Alam II the English secured the diwani of Bihar, Bengal and Orissa

• Warren Hastings (1773-1785) was the Governor General of Bengal when Treaty of Salbai was signed,
o The Treaty of Salbai was signed on May 17, 1782, by representatives of the Maratha Empire and the British East India Company after long negotiations to settle the outcome of the First Anglo-Maratha War.
o The First Anglo-Maratha War (1775–1782) was the first of three Anglo-Maratha wars fought between the British East India Company and Maratha Empire in India. The war began with the Treaty of Surat and ended with the Treaty of Salbai. After the death of Madhavrao Peshwa in 1772, his brother Narayanrao became Peshwa of the Maratha Empire. However, Raghunathrao, Narayanrao’s uncle, had his nephew assassinated in a palace conspiracy that resulted in Raghunathrao becoming Peshwa, although he was not the legal heir. Narayanrao’s widow, Gangabai, gave birth to a posthumous son, who was legal heir to the throne.

• Warren hastings was the Governor General when Third Anglo Maratha was occurred
o The Third Anglo-Maratha War (1817–1818) was the final and decisive conflict between the British East India Company and the Maratha Empire in India

• English General Charles Napier responsible for the annexation of Sindh

• Lord Hardinge was the governor General and Lal Singh was the prime minister of Pujab when 1st Anglo-Sikh war took place
o The First Anglo-Sikh War was fought between the Sikh Empire and the East India Company between 1845 and 1846. It resulted in partial subjugation of the Sikh kingdom.
o The Second Anglo-Sikh War (1848–1849). The Sikh Empire dissolved after defeat in 1849.

• James I was the king of England when Thomas Roe came to Jahangir’s court

• Paradise was the French captain who defeated Anwar-ud-din in the battle of St.Thome

• Shah Shuja was the subahdar of Bengal when British set up a factory at Hughli

• Mir Jafar nawab of Bengal came to be known in history as the traitor

• Purandhar treaty with the Marathas was considered as a ‘scrap of paper’ by Warren Hastings

• Maratha chief Mahadji Scindia remained the de facto ruler of Delhi from 1784-1794

• MacPherson became the Governor General of Bengal temporarily after Warren Hastings

• Lord Cornwallis was responsible for the europeanisation of Indian Civil Services

• Hasting was associated with the establishment of British paramountcy in India

• Triambakji was served as Chief Minister of Peshwa Baji Rao II during 3rd Anglo Maratha War

• Appa Sahib was the bhonsle chief who was defeated by the british in the battle of Sitalbadi in November 1817

• British officer Charles Metcalfe carried out the alliances with Jodhpur, Udaipur and Jaipur

• Henry Lawrence was appointed as the British resident of Lahore in 1846

• Chattar Singh was the sikh governor of Hazarah who sided with the rebels of Multan in 1848

• Charles Napier commanded the British forces in the Battle of Gujarat

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