Role of primatology in Anthropological studies

It includes study of non-human primate behavior, morphology and genetics to infer why and how similar human traits evolved.

Primatology, the scientific study of the members of the order Primates is, by its very nature, a multidisciplinary field, encompassing information gathered by scientists in many academic fields including, but not limited to, anthropology, zoology, psychology, and biology. Typically the term primatology is used in reference to the study of nonhuman primates, thus excluding our own species and those fossil species belonging to our closest extinct relatives. Primatologists may study their subjects in natural situations—i.e., where the study animals are free ranging in their natural habitat—in zoological gardens, captive research facilities, or rehabilitation centers (where previously captive animals are being geared toward release into either a truly wild habitat or a provisioned one).

Comparative morphological studies, particularly those that are complemented by biomechanical analyses, provide major clues to the functional significance and evolution of the skeletal and muscular complexes that underpin humans’ bipedalism, dextrous hands, bulbous heads, outstanding noses, and puny jaws. The wide variety of adaptations that primates have made to life in trees and on the ground are reflected in their limb proportions and relative development of muscles.

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