How does study of serogentics and cytogenetics is useful in the application of anthropology?

can you please outline any studies conducted from the anthropological perspective.

rosemary Asked on October 22, 2016 in Anthropology.

(These is a general definition part and how it is related to anthropology, will try to add research part as well after more finding suitable sources)

Cytogenetics:

  • It analyzes the number and structure of human and animal chromosomes
  • Changes that affect the number of chromosomes can cause problems with growth and development
  • Chromosomal abnormalities can happen when egg and sperm cells are being made during early fetal development or after birth in any cell in the body. These changes can disrupt genes, causing the proteins made to be missing or faulty which can lead to birth defects, syndromes or even cancer and possibly some can have no effect at all
  • Cytogenetic analyses are commonly performed during pregnancy to determine if a fetus is at risk for common syndromes or if it has any extra or missing genetic material is there and same test can be performed on a newborn or child with development delays to look for a potential chromosomal abnormality, helping in proper development of the child

Serogenetics

  • It is the branch of genetics that is concerned with study of serological proteins. It is the study of genetic basis of traits through the study of protein polymorphism in serum (the protein component of blood)
  • The basic principle behind serogenetics is the fact that proteins will separate in an electric field according to their electric charge
  • Now, this electric charge is determined by their amino acid composition, which in turn determined by DNA, so it is possible to study DNA indirectly by studying variation in the amino acid composition of protein; so it helped in studying DNA indirectly till the recombinant DNA technology was not developed

So, both of the above techniques includes learning about the disease the reason behind it which can cause variation among population living in different areas, also in between the population of same area, causes of syndromes, chromosomal aberrations etc. and serogenetics on the otherhand helps in understanding indirectly about the DNA so it was also in use before recombinant DNA technology i.e. the more accurate and direct was not developed for finding faults and aberrations in DNA.

And all the above given examples are part of physical or biological part of anthropology, so this is how these two fields are important from the context of anthropology.

on October 22, 2016.
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