Basic premises of Post Modernism in anthropology
Postmodernism is often described as an orientation within the philosophy of science, which denies the possibility of acquiring “true” knowledge about the world. What we “know” about society is our own “construction“, which we must “deconstruct“. The “great narratives” (development, science, freedom, romanticism, truth) are heroic myths that give legitimacy to the existing social order. In anthropology, such thoughts have in particular influenced our understanding of reflexivity and our critique of Western hegemonic ideas.
Postmodernism has at least two meanings:
(a) as a descriptive label for a specific historical era, characterized by fragmentation of dominant Western myths and collage-like assemblages of meaning, and
(b) as a term for the academic and artistic schools, which consider fragmentation and collage as intellectual ideals.
e.g. The best example can be given of evolution of truth about shape of earth how it changed from flat to circular to oval with tapered ends i.e. before knowing the truth people were assuming anything, but it is only after the careful research and justification that people have accepted it.