Sep 14 th, 2015
Mains Support2 Comments

Space and Defense

SPace and Defense

28th Nov – 10th Dec

  • First missile of Agni series Agni-I has been successfully test fired from Dr Abdul Kalam Wheeler island off the Odisha coast. It was first launched in 1983 by DRDO as part of its IGMDP. It is equipped with navigation system which improves its strike capacity.
  • LRSAM which has been co-developed by India and Israel has been successfully test fired. This is a major step forward in tale of cooperation between the two countries in developing advanced weapon systems.
  • Interceptor boat ICGS C-422 has been commissioned into Indian navy as its 36th interceptor boat. It will help in improving vigilance along Pondicherry and South Tamil Nadu coast in the Bay of Bengal.
  • German cabinet has approved a mandate to fight against militant group in Syria by giving support to France and International alliance, but the bill still needs parliament approval.
    It will provide only support and will not indulge in any active combat mission, plus it will provide protection to French aircraft carrier Charles de gaulle.

  • GAIL has launched geo-portal ‘Bhuvan-GAIL portal’ in which it will utlize space technology for better monitoring of its pipelines and bring safety to it.
    Salient Features:
    – It was implemented on Dahej-Vijapur pipeline, – SMS alert to excutives, – Mobile application to upload photos from mobile phones, –

  • After parliamentarians of Britain voted in favor, the Royal Air Force has conducted air strikes on IS controlled oil fields in Syria from its base in Akrotiri, Cyprus.
  • December 4: Navy day, To commemorate the success of Operation Trident of 1971 India-Pakistan war in which Indian navy sank three Pakistani vessels near Karachi port and it is this war when anti-ship missiles were used for the first time in the Arabian sea region.
  • National Security Adviser level talks has been held between India and Pakistan in Bangkok, Thailand as a result of recent talks between Prime Ministers of both country during UNFCCC summit in Paris.
    At talks issue like J&K, terrorism, maintaining peace and security etc. was discussed.

  • INDRA NAVY – 2015 a joint naval exercise between India and Russia has been organised in Vishakhapatnam.
  • Iran has tested Ghadr-110 ballistic missile and breaches UNSC resolution under which it was not allowed to do any work related to missile for 8 years and a nuclear deal between Iran & P5+1 has been implemented. It has a range of 1800-2000 kms.

17th – 27th Nov

  • Long range Surface to Air missile (LR-SAM) “BARAK” developed jointly by DRDO and Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) with the capacity to intercept target of upto 80 km range is ready for test fire.
  • “India-China agreed to deepen their defence ties along the Lone of Action Control (LAC) to strengthen cooperation to fight terrorism.
    – India agreed to its expertise by by way of joint exercises, improve interaction between both of their armed forces for the sake of peace and tranquility.”

  • China navy conducted drill in South China Sea after US pressurised China over its land reclamation in disputed waters of SCS.
  • “Sri Lanka has finally cleared it’s stand that they will not allow any country to set up a naval base in their country.
    – Blow to China’s string of pearl theory, – Win situation for india which don’t have to worry about the China’s expansion policy now
    String of Pearls Theory:
    – China is trying to increase its presence in Indian Ocean by helping nations improving or building their ports like Gwadar in Pakistan, Hambantota in Sri Lanka and Chittagong in Bangladesh.
    – Chinese intentions are to increase their influence in Indian Ocean region to overcome several major maritime choke pints for its sea lines like Strait of Mandeb, Strait of Malacca, Strait of Hormuz and Lonbok Strait.”

  • “Japan made it’s first commercial satellite launch by launching Canadian TELSTAR communication satellite from its Tanegashima Space Centre using it’s H-IIA rocket.
    India did the same in 2007 when it launched Italian satellite AGILE using it’s PSLV. In India Antrix Corporation Limited (ACL) if the marketing arm of ISRO which deals with commecialization of space exploration resources.”

  • Nuclear capable Prithvi-II missile has been test fired from integrated test range at Chandipur in Odisha which is a short-range ballistic missile developed indigeneouly by DRDO under it’s Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP) and has a range of 350 km.
  • Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) corvette INS Kadmatt handed over to Indian navy at Kolkata, West Bengal which has been built by Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Ltd (GRSE). It has atmospheric control ventilation system which makes it a fully capable warship to fight nuclear, biological and chemical warfare.

24th Oct – 3rd Nov

  • Disarmament Committee of UNGA has adopted a draft resolution for abolition of nuclear arms submitted by Japan but many countries abstained from voting and China, Russia etc. voted against it.
  • Government declared NSCN(K) as terror organization under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967. NSC(K) established in 1988 with an objective of forming a sovereign state of Nagalim by unifying all areas inhabited by Naga people in NE India and Myanmar.
  • India and Australia had signed Nuclear-deal procedures for supply of Uranium to India and hence with this India has become the only non-NPT signing country to buy Uranium from Australia.
  • India-Russia Joint Military Exercie Indra-2015 took place in Bikaner (Rajasthan).
    Focus on ‘Counter-Terrorism Operations in Desert Terrain under a United Nations Mandate’ and boost people to people as well as military to military ties between both nations.

  • Indian army successfully test fired Brahmos at Pokhran in Jaisalmer, it has a range of 300 km and a top supersonic speed of Mach 2.8.

24th Oct – 3rd Nov

  • Government approved induction of women in Indian Air Force keeping in view the aspirations of women of India and in line with the trend going on in other developed nations, where women are allowed for such services.
  • After Air Force now even Navy opened their doors for women fighter pilots to give almost equal status as long as there are no logistical, infrastructure or training issues.
  • China launched Tianhui-1C mapping satellite which will enhanced their ability to carry out scientific research, mapping and disaster relief, crop yield estimation etc.
  • China’s first lunar rover Yutu which is currently capable t collect data, transmit and receive signals etc.sets new record for longest stay on moon.
  • China condemned the US warship’s passage near disputed South China sea which according to China belongs to them and US must not interfere in it or even if it an to pass through that area then it must take its permission while US is of the opinion that it is a free space and the exercise was part of their Freedom of Navigation program.
    South China Sea is an important place as world’s half merchant ships passes from here, has adequate reserve of natural reserves etc.”

  • Supersonic missile BrahMos has been successfully test-fired from India’s destroyer INS Kochi which was its 49th successful trial. It was developed by a JV between India and Russia called as BrahMos Aerospace based on the name of two rivers i.e. Brahmaputra of India and Moskva of Russia.

21-23 Oct

  • NATO launches biggest Trident Juncture Military Exercise in Italy to test the ability of alliance’s to respond to new security threats. Last time such a massive scale military exercise happened was during cold war era.
  • Government divided Maharashtra and Gujarat naval areas into two separate headquarters to enhance operational and administrative structure, for better vigilance along the sea border with Pakistan etc. to avoid 26/11 type incidents.

14 – 19 Oct

  • India, US and Japan navies kick off 2015 Malabar Naval Exercise in Bay of Bengal and Indian Ocean, which is a part of annual series of exercises conducted to advance multi-national maritime relationships and mutual security issues.
  • DRDO’s Missile Complex in Hyderabad has been renamed as APJ Abdul Kalam Missile Complex. Abdul Kalam was 11th president of India and was in office from 2002 to 2007.

9-13 Oct

  • Indo-China Joint military exercise Hand-In-Hand 2015 between 12-23 October in China’s Yunnan province. It is fifth such exercise between both the countries since 2007.
  • “High risk area boundary of India’s western coastline has been shifted from 78 degrees to 65 degrees East longitude (where 65 is the original state prior revision in 2010). Previous extension led to a 300 fold increase in insurance costs borne by companies for their ships and so increase in transaction cost of commodities coming to India.
    Maritime security will not be under threat due to shift of international maritime traffic density along the western indian coastline.”

  • Third India-Sri Lanka joint training exercise Mitra Shakti-2015 concluded in Pune. It was aimed seeing ther readiness of both countries to tackle terrorism, sharing best practices etc.

3 Oct

  • Admiral Dhowan on a visit to Australia as a sign to expand its navy reach to counter China.

23 Sept – 1 Oct

  • Union government gives nod to IAF’s Integrated Air Command & Control System (IACCS) which is an automated command and control system for air defence whose basic process includes integration of different air sensors and radars to protect indian airspace. It currently has 5 nodes and addition of 4 more will help covering isolated islands as well.
  • Mars orbiter mission of India i.e. Mangalyaan completes 1 year.
  • India’s first dedicated satellite for astronomy research Astrosat has been successfully launched using PSLV-C30 from Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota. It has multiple kind of telescopes on board to study celestial bodies using different kind of rays with varying wavelengths.
  • China successfully launched 20th satellite for its navigation system Beidou.
  • India-Sri Lanka Joint military exercise Mitra Shakti begines in Pune for sharing the best military practices and promote the military to military relations.

22 Sept

  • NASA is building a space shotgun as part of its Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) that can blast asteroids into small pieces for collection as samples when a robotic spacecraft reaches near one such space rock in the near future. The ARM aims to chop off a massive chunk of an asteroid and shift it into the Moon’s orbit. Then, a manned spacecraft will collect samples and send these back to the earth for further examination.

16 Sept

  • Amogha-1, an indigenously developed second generation, Anti-Tank Guided Missile having a range of 2.8 km, was successfully test-fired at Babina Army Range, MP.

[table caption= width=”1000″ colwidth=”100″ colalign=”center|Left”]
26 August, GSLV-D6 satellite launcher by indigenously developed upper cryogenic stage will launch GSAT-6 on 27th from Sriharikota.
27 August, GSAT-6 is a predominantly S-band communication satellite that will be used purely for purposes by the Armed Forces and for societal uses during a disaster or an emergency.
28 August, GSAT-6 is the second successful launch using cryogenic engine.
28 August, NASA NISAR to use GSLV scheduled for launch in 2020-21 for studying hazards and global environment change. GSLV will cost just one third of the cost we have to spend on foreign agencies.
28 August, GSAT-6 will provide S-band communication services. It is manoeuvred into geostationary orbit at 83 degree east longitude.
29 August, India’s 2nd successful launch of GSLV is in news with the help of this GSLV rocket with an indigenous CUS India has crossed the two-tonne payload mark. But the launch of INSAT-4A which was designed in 2005 and weighs more than 3 tonne is still not possible with India’s launch vehicles as GSLV-Mk-III is still under testing stage.
2 September, Chile is odeal for astronomical observatories and about 40% of world’s telescopes are stationed here. The northern skies of the desert are ideal for observation because there are nearly 300 clear days a year. Turismo Sol del Desierto is an agency that provides specialized astronomical tours. A part of Chile’s Elqui Valley has been designated as the first international Dark Sky Sanctuary.
7 September, India is building a unique floating testing range-a huge ship – to overcome the limitations imposed by the land mass for carrying out missile tests of varying ranges for the two-tier ballistic missile defense system to protect important cities. The system seeks to engage and destroy incoming missiles at different altitudes in the endo and exo atmospheres.”
7 September, GSAt-6 has been successfully positioned in its orbital slot of 83 Deg E and collocated with INSAT 4A_GSAT 12_ GSAT 10 and IRNSS 1C.
7 September, Indian railways to use ISRO help to get online imagery for improving safety and enhancing efficiency. They will undertake a GIS mapping of the entire rail route and assets including buildings_ land_ workshops and other facilities in the network using geospatial technology. This geospatial services would be available from satellite-assisted navigational support through the GPS-aided geo-augmented navigation (GAGAN) system of ISRO. The technology will come in handy during accidents to ascertain the exact location of trains and the topography.
9 September,IAF’s Intermediate jet Trainer (IJT) which is being developed as the second rung of the Indian Air Force’s three level training for rookie pilots is set to undergo its most critical ‘spin’test.
14 September,ISRO is of the opinion that apart from spacecraft and launch vehicles it must also keep improving many other less-known but related systems alongside. Last month it rolled its upgraded Satellite Transportation System or STS. STS is loaded with sensors to track the satellite’s health and protect it from road shocks.ISAC’s System Integration Group is now designing the next generation of large STSs. They will take in the four-tonne GSAT-11 and a future six-tonne satellite double the present size and measuring around 12 metres x 5.3m x 4.2m.The STS is a double-walled_ metallic_ heat-proof structure built to protect the spacecraft which has many sensitive electronic and mechanical components_ from atmospheric heat_ dust_ rain_ humidity_ radiation and changes of pressure. It comes with a suspension cradle and a special platform that keeps vibrations and shocks out.

2 Comments on this article

  • Ncert Books Download May 9, 2018
    Thank you sir, my utmost appreciation for the effort of your team, i am a regular visitor to your articles indeed, i thought to, (out of courtsey) provide some suggestion and feedback of my very own , would be thankful if you could reply or recognize my suggestions to make this website more content focused . Regards. Rana Duggal.


    • admin May 19, 2018
      yeah sure, I really appreciate for your efforts and thoughts....


Add a comment