Sep 14 th, 2015
Mains SupportNo Comments

Enviroment Issues, Facts etc.


28th Nov – 10th Dec

  • Government has specified the dates for launch of BS V and BS VI norms. BS V will be rolled out from 1-Apr-2019 and BS VI from 1-Apr-2021. This notification has been issued by Ministry of Road Transport and Highways as per Auto Fuel Policy, 2003.
    Other BS launched earlier are BS I (2000), BS II (2005), BS III (2010) and BS IV (2015).

  • NHAI has approved development of green belt for which the proposal has been submitted by National Environmental Engineering research Institute (NEERI), Nagpur.
    Salient Features:
    – Will be developed on 5 km stretch near Nagpur from Jam to Hinganghat on NH-7 (Varanasi-Kanyakumari), – Project will run for 5 years, – NEERI will study the impact of green belt development, – Will help in future research etc.

  • Delhi half Marathon:
    Birhanu legese from Ethiopia is the winner in men’s category.
    Cynthia Limo from Kenya is the winner in women’s category.

  • Union government has launched Injectible Polio Vaccine (IPV) as part of its Universal Immunization Programme (UIP) to fight against polio. IPV is a better option than OPV as it does not have attenuated vaccine virus and hence doen not leads to Vaccine Derived Polio Virus (VDPV).
    Poliolyelitis is a viral disease spread via faecal oral route which afte entering the body multiplies in intestine and then later invades the nervous system finally leading to paralysis.

  • International solar alliance has been launched by India and France at CoP21 Climate Conference in Paris, France to harness the solar power and mitigate carbon gas emissions.
    Aim of this alliance is to bring a common platform for 121 tropical countries that lies between Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn to effectively tap solar energy.
    It will function from National Institute of Solar Energy (NISE) based in Gurgaon.

  • After Maharashtra and UP, now Jharkhand government has declared entire state as drought hit due to less rainfall and loss of crops.
  • December 10: Human Rights Day, on this day in 1948 UN adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR)
  • December 1: World AIDS day
    Started in 1987 by WHO, celebrated every year to raise awareness about the ill-effects of this disease and to remember those who died because of this deadly disease.
    Reasons for AIDS: Unprotected sex with infected person, – From mother to child during pregnancy, – Transfusion of blood, – Use of infected needles etc.

  • December 3: International Day of persons with Disabilities.
    Aim: To understand their issues, mobilize support for their rights, dignity etc. ;
    According, to UN there are around 1 bn people in the world suffering from some sort of disability.

  • Government has given approval for introduction of Regional Centre for Biotechnology Bill, 2015 which aims for the establishment of Regional Centre for Biotechnology in Faridabad; for research in life sciences, biotechnology, training in biotechnology etc.
  • Cabinet has given approval for signing a MoU between India and Israel for taking their help in water resource management and development cooperation.
    Israel has one of the best water conservation and management techniques because they lies in arid region.

  • Cabinet approved an agreement with Germany for expanding bilateral cooperation in field of Solar energy. For it Germany will provide 1 bn Euros in next five years, which will help India meet ts ambitious target of establishing a capacity of 100 GW power generation using solar source under its National Solar Mission (NSM) by 2022.
  • Paris Pact on Water and Climate Change Adaptation has been announced in UN COP-21 in Le Bourget, paris as part of Water resilience Focus under Lima to paris Action Agenda (LPAA) on climate change.
    Salient Features:
    – Making water systems both natural and artificial water resilient, – Coalition between different nations and river basin organisations, – Implementing adaptation plans, New investment in water systems management etc.
    LPAA is the joint undertaking of Peruvian and French COP presidencies by mobilizing actions for low carbon and climate resilient societies.

  • UP government has launched first International Festival on Birds to promotoe UP as a international bird watching destination at the national Chambal Sanctuary (NCS) in Agra. It has been jointly organised by FICCI and State forest department.
    NSC was established along the Chambal river as a riverine sanctuary, it is famous for fresh water crocodile known as gharial and has largest population of the same in country.

  • Himachal Pradesh has become the first state in India to launch a Rotavirus vaccination project under Universal Immunization Programme (UIP).
    – Caused by RNA virus and spread from person to person due to bacterial and parasiting agents – Causes moderate to severe diarrhora in children less than 11 months, – Spreads through contaminated food and water, – Damages the cells of small intestine and causes gastroenteritis.

  • South Western Railway headquartered in Hubli, Karnatka introduced biodiesel for its locomotives with 5% blending in high speed diesel which will help in decreasing GHG emissions, making fuel consumption more efficient etc.
  • India’s forest and tree cover has been increased by 5081 sq km.
    India has a total of 79.42 million hectare forest and tree cover which is 24.16% of total geographical area.

  • World Bank launched $ 500 mn Transformative carbon Asset Facility (TCAF) for helping developing countries to combat climate change.
    Salient Features:
    – It will reward countries for reducing emission on the basis of per tonne of carbon dioxide emission reduced, – Helping countries in achieving INDCs, – Will support renewable energy, efficiency, waste management etc.

  • Red alert has been declared in Beijing due to its hazardous air quality caused by air pollution. The MP 2.5 has touched 300 micrograms per cubic meter which is far higher than the permissible limit of 25 per cubic meter by WHO. PM 2.5 are particles less than 2.5 microns in size that can easily get into lungs causing lifelong respiratory diseases and fatal if mixes with bloodstream.
  • Scientists have genetically modified malaria causing mosquitoes Anopheles gambiae which are the major carrier of malaria parasites using gene drive technology which uses technology of recessive genes so that mosquito will inherit only one copy of the gene. In it using endonuclease a specific part of genes has been cut to modify its genetic code and that will be passed to later generations and will in reducing this disease.
  • A MoU has been approved by cabinet for cooperation between India and UK in energy sector.
    – Focus on integration of renewable energy in grid, – reforms in distribution and supply of electricity, – Improving vehicular and industrial energy efficiency, – Smart grids promotion etc.
    Similar, MoU has been signed between India and Indonesia as well.

  • IISc Bangalore bagged the military award from US military for R&D on solar powered micro-rid with battery and super capacitor energy storage system. IISc was established in 1909 with support of Jamshetji Tata and is regarded as the finest institution in it’s field.

    17th – 27th Nov

    • Five new long haired wasp species has been found in India by researchers of National Bureau of Agricultural Insect resources an dhave been named ‘adikeshavus’ means ‘first one to have long hairs’. These are known for their parasiting attitude towards medium sized eggs like that of spider and they have tiny wings which helps them to slip through silk strands.
    • Russia launched its defence satellite EKS Kosmos-2510 using its launching vehicle Russian Soyuz-2.1 from Plesetsk Cosmodrome a place in Arkhangelsk region of Russia which is a part of its new defense system.
    • “November, 19: World Toilet Day
      The day is meant to raise awareness among people of spreading the culture of proper sanitation which is also a human right along with clean water. Along with sanitation it also supports better nutrition and health.
      It was started by World Toilet Organisation since 2001 which brings together various groups, media, private sector, NGOs etc. to advocate safe toilets.”

    • Second World Congress on Disaster Management in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh to address issues that are interconnected, comples leading to complex emergencies etc. discussion on various hazards, vulnerabilities etc. presenting research work, presentations etc., building resilience at all levels.
    • Railway Ministry inaugrated Silchar-Lumding broad gauge rail line in Assam. This project is a major step forward in connecting Barak Valley which will help in its further development and improving connection with other NE states like Tripura, Manipur and Mizoram.
    • A special cleanliness drive under name Swachh Delhi Abhiyan has been initiated as part of Union Governments flagship program Swachh Bharat Abhiyan and will be implemented by Delhi Government, Union Government and three municipal corporations of Delhi to remove debris and gabage lying in various localities. So, mobile application has also been launched before to send pics of garbage lying here and there in Delhi.
    • India-Pakistan border in Jaisalmer lighted with solar power, the project was set up by the Solar Energy Corporation of India (SECI). If the project proved to be successful then all the borders in our country will be powered by solar energy.
    • China is on the way to build world’s largest animal cloning factory to recreate sniffer dogs, racehorses, beef cattle etc. It will help to accommodate the increasing beef demand.
    • A MoU to set up a Railway Chair on Sustainable Mobility at The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) university of New Delhi., which will focus and promote research on various aspects like green energy, energy efficient technology, finding innovative solutions for sustainable development of railways, imparting best knowledge in this field etc.

    4th – 16th Nov

    • 5 day long International Indigenous Terra Madre-2015 function took place in Shillong. Terra Madre is a network of indigenous food communities for promotion of indigenous culture and conservation of bio-diversity.
    • Tropical cyclone Chapala hits Yemen triggered floods and damage in province of Hadramawt and Shabwa in Yemen. It was one of the strongest cyclone yemen has faced adter almost five decades. It was formed as a result of low pressure formed over arabian sea due to warm water associated with El-Nino and low vertical wind shear.
    • NGT banned age old practice of straw burning in Delhi, Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan and UP; which is done bi-annually to clear the land of residue of one harvest and sow the next which helps in saving the time under rice-wheat crop rotation and also makes the land more fertile and kill pests. But, it leads to global warming and environmental pollution. Best remedy is to set up a bio-ethanol refinery to make ethanol out of it.
    • Hundred Drums ‘Wangala festival’ took place in Meghalaya, which is a annual post harvest festival of the Garo tribes of NE India. It is thanksgiving ceremony to The Great Giver for rich harvest.
    • India’s first exclusive hospital for elephants has been established at the Kaziranga National Park in Assam. KNP is a UNESCO World Heritage site since 1985 and has 2/3rd of world’s largest one-horned rhinoceroses.
    • WHO declared Sierra Leone Ebola free after no case has been reported for two incubation periods i.e. for 42 days. Now Guinea is the only country in western Africa having Ebola. Earlier, Liberia also reported ebola free.
      Sierra Leone alone has recorded half of the total ebola cases of around 28,600 people.
      Cause: Ebolavirus, spread due to contact with blood or bodily fluid, fruit bat are its carrier which spreads it without being getting infected

    • Scientists from China and US had developed a 3-D printing method to produce highly uniform ‘blocks’ of embryonic stem cells. 3-D printing is a process of making 3-D solid objects froma digital file with extreme precision. 3-D printing also called as additive manufacturing as in it successive layers are put on one another until the final object is created.

    24th Oct – 3rd Nov

    • Hurricane Patricia made landfall near Mexico’s west coast i.e. on pacific ocean side. It was originated near the Gulf of Tehuantepec.
    • October 24 celebrated as World Polio Day which has been established by Rotary Int. to commemorate birth of Jonas Stalk. Polio is a viral disease which spreads through the faecal-oral route i.e. contaminated food, water etc.. Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) played a pivotal role in eradication of polio. Currently, only Pakistan adn Afghanistan are suffering from this disease.
    • A powerful earthquake of 7.5 magnitude hit the Hindukush region i.e. western Himalayas of NE Afghanistan and Pakistan. In the affected region Indian tectonic plate is getting subducted under Eurasian plate at Pamir Mountains at a rate aprroximately of 4-5 cm/y.
    • According, to UN’s report 2015 UN Asia-Pacific Disaster Report Asia Pacific is the most disaster prone part of the world with over 40% of global total, loss of over half a million lives in last decade etc.
    • Punjab has decided to set up bio-ethanol refinery to stop pollution of air and degrading fertility of soil due to burning of wheat and paddy straw.
    • Odisha imposed 7 month ban on fishing to protect Olive Ridley sea turtles, which arrives every year during winter for mass nesting in Rushikulya river mouth and Gahirmatha marine sanctuary along Odisha’s east coast which is only place apart from Costa Rica to witness such mass nesting.

    21-23 Oct

    • Union government clears first batch of projects under its AMRUT scheme which if basically started for building adequate infrastructure that could ensure adequate robust sewerage netwroks and water supply.

    14 – 19 Oct

    • Union government flags off Climate Special Science Express with an aim to create awareness among various sections of society especially students about various challenges and issues associated with climate change.
    • October 16 is being observed as World Food Day established in 1979 and aimed to raise public awareness about hunger challenges and encourage people around the world to take action in the fight against hunger.
    • 17th October is being observed as International Day for Eradication of Poverty, to create awareness among people to eradicate poverty and destitution around the world particularly in developing countries.
    • Typhoon Koppu hits northern Philippines. Each year Phillipines is hit by an average of 20 storms and it’s North-Eastern coast is one of the most tropical cyclone-prone coastlines on Earth.

    9-13 Oct

    • India’s first dolphin community reserve to be set up in West Bengal in the Hooghly river between Malda and Sundarbans as per provisions of Wildlife Protection Act, 1972. Major threats to them are construction of dams and barrages, direct killing, overfishing, pollution etc.
    • Green India Mission which is one of the 8 key missions outlined under NAPCC aimed at protecting, enhancing and restoring India’s decreasing forest area and responding to climate change approved annual plans for four states viz. Kerala, Mizoram, Manipur and Jharkhand.
    • Tamil Nadu government has banned Ketoprofen drug to save critically endangered vulture population in state, which is a substitute to Diclofenac and has same effect like it by causing renal or kidney failure.
    • China operationalised the Zam Hydropower Station built on Brahmaputra River has raised concerns in India over likelihood of disrupting water supplies of river.

    8 Oct

    • Potassium with graphite can be used to make potassium-ion battery which can replace Lithium-ion batteries in future.
    • Repeating aloud anything that anyone want to remember to another person boosts verbal memory and is an effective way to recall.
    • Indian NGOs criticizes US climate action plan for being the second largest emitter of CO2 globally and not doing enough to tackle it. Also, it said that US will eat upto 17% of the global carbon budget till 2030 leaving very less for other nations proportionately.

    7 Oct

    • According, to a research people who inculcate positive emotions and maintain positivity are less likely to develop an heart diseases. They are also physically active, sleep better and take their heart medication, smoke less etc.
    • Higher level of physical activity lowers the risk of developing heart failure.

    6 Oct

    • India and Germany formed the Climate and Renewable Energy Alliance to harness technology, innovation and finance in order to make affordable, clean and renewable energy accessible to all and to combat climate change.

    5 Oct

    • Tea Research Association has started efforts on to make tea industry climate smart. Rainfall has traditionally been plentiful for growing tea, especially in India but with recent changes in the climate, surface and ground water are becoming important irrigation systems.
    • Government has initiated ‘grow safe food’ campaign with an aim to create awareness on judicious and proper use of pesticides.

    2 Oct

    • India to demonstrate its efforts at tackling impacts on climate change in various sectors ahead of the UNFCC CoP21 later this year.
    • On 1st anniversary of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Urban Development Ministry announced that it is planning to generate electricity and compost from municipal solid waste.

    23 Sept – 1 Oct

    • An earthquake of magnitude 6.6 hits Indonesia coast. Indonesia lies in region of Pacific ring of Fire.
    • UN adopts agreement on SDGs for 14 years i.e. upto 2030.
    • Union government unveiled Green Highways Policy 2015 to reduce impact of air pollution and dust by planting trees and shrubs along the national highways, which will act as natural sink for air pollutnats and arrest soil erosion at the embankment slopes

    21 Sept

    • 7th gangabal Yatra started in J&K by Kashmiri pundits. Gangabal lake is located in the Harmukh mountain range which is considered the adobe of Lord Shiva.
    • Hydroponic fodder to revitalize dairy sector by solving problems like increasing fodder price, lack of availability of green fodder and decreasing area to grow green fodder. Although, it lacks in fibre content but is a better substitute for packaged feeds.

    19 Sept

    • In china a group of students have invented a machine that uses high speed air for cleaning hands rather than washing it away.

    18 Sept

    • In Malappuram there are approximately 3,42,657 children with less than 5 year age out of which 23,912 has no immunization and in age group of 5-10 years 1 out of every 3 children never have any immunization. That leaves them vulnerable to everything from TB, diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, hepatitis-B, meningitis, measles and polio myelitis.
    • Coffee three hours before bedtime can make it harder to go to sleep on time and more challenging to wake up in the morning.
    • A 8.3 magnitude earthquake in Chile killed over 10 and 1 million evacuated. It was the sixth most powerful quake in the history of geologically volatile Chile and the strongest anywhere in the world this year, there are chances that tsunami waves could reach Japan

    17 Sept

    • Of the 3.3 million premature mortality worldwide in 2010 caused by outdoor air pollution, about 0.65 million deaths took place in India in adults older than 30 years and in children younger than 5 years. In India 0.32 million died because of residential energy used for heating and cooking, 90000 because of power generation pollution and 42,000 because of industry and biomass burning.

    16 Sept

    • In a fast-spreading air-borne ailment like swine flu, quick response lacking.
    • Pattiseema project is ready to take off to bring the waters of the Godavari to the Krishna and then winging it back to the village of ferry un Krishna district.
    • In a move aimed at keeping a close tab on marine resources and checking their overexploitation, the Kerala State Biodiversity Board (KSBB) has embarked on a novel project to map the marine ESA off the 600 km coastline of the state. For it the KSBB joined hands with Protsahan, an NGA working among fishermen, to prepare the document.
    • Seeing the frequent disaster like situation in Rudraprayag, Uttarakhand is in need to relocate people.

    15 Sept

    • MoWR formed a panel to restructure the Central Water Commission (CWC) and the Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) to encourage optimal development of water resources in the country. The new committee will work on water resource planning_ augmenting and budgeting in an integrate manner.
    • Bombay HC said the decision of the government to release water from the Gangapur dam for shahi snan at the kumbh mela instead of using it for areas with scarcity was illegal.

    [table caption= width=”1000″ colwidth=”50″ colalign=”Center|left”]

    26 August, Farmers on rampage over Mahadayi river issue.
    26 August, Jal satyagraha by people of Narmada Bachao ANdolan in Khargone District in MP issue is their submerged field due to release of water from Upper Veda Dam.
    26 August, Yettinahole project issue a check dam on yettinahole river a stream that joins Kempuhole- a tributary of Netravathi.
    26 August, Navalgund farmers to launch fast on issue of sharing river water of Mahadayi river to make way for Kalasa-Banduri Nala project.
    26 August, NIOT to recommend measures to stop beach erosion in Vizag.
    26 August, Sachin may captain ‘Green Army’ of Maharashtra which is an initiative for school children to promote environment conservation in which 10 students will be selected from each school.

    27 August, Telangana government sought fresh allocation of the disputed waters of the Krishna river_ they want the issuance of writ of mandamus by SC to Union government to notify the setting up of a fresh tribunal under the Inter-State Water Disputed Act of 1956 to decide the issue of sharing of the river water among the four neighboring states of MH_ Karnataka_ AP and Telangana.

    28 August, Silage: Potential fodder for livestock living in the rain shadow area such as karur_ can be an alternative for the animals in the dry period too. Green grasses_ sorghum_ maize and various weeds could be used.
    28 August, Kabini river flows near Mysuru.
    28 August, Mahdayi river issue is between Goa and Maharashtra.
    28 August, Rapid action groups soon to tackle man-animal conflicts in TN.
    28 August, Fishings boat sword-like design is such that it can venture into the high seas after cutting though strong waves_ which impedes the drivers view of nearby objects.
    28 August, IMD forecast of deficit rainfall comes true with over 12% deficient this year. West Rajasthan_ west MP and Gangetic WB have received surplus rainfall.
    29 August, Co 51 a short duration drought-resistant paddy variety recently developed by Paddy-Breeding Centre in Coimbatore_ it’s a fine variety had 110 day duration but would be ready for harvest 4-5 days ahead.
    29 August, Hubballli: Kalasa-Banduri Nala project.
    29 August, Eating high levels of certain proteins in meat and plant based foods can lower blood pressure and arterial stiffness leading to better heart health. A higher intake of amino acids from plant based sources was associated with lower BP and a higher intake from animal sources associated with lower levels of arterial stiffness.
    29 August, Algae can be used for many purposes. SHG women in some place in South India make a good livelihood from algae. It is of immense industrial_ human and agricultural value after discovery of agar-agar and alginic acid.
    29 August, Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive form of dementia that is characterized by loss of short-term memory_ deterioration in behavior and intellectual performance_ besides slowness of thought. Amyloid beta molecule is a major player in causing Alzheimer’s.
    29 August, Declofenac drug will become more expensive and less accessible to those who might use it illegally. Basic objective behind it is to save vultures.
    31 August, L-Dopa is used in treatment for Parkinson’s disease.
    31 August, Napping in between office helps increasing productivity and reducing blood pressure.
    31 August, The pith portion of Nara kalabanda or kittha Naara has a high starch content_ which can be used to prepare ethanol. Agave Americana grows wildly in Mexico is used to make alcoholic drink tequila. In naara starch gets deposited mainly in its collar zone i.e. the trunk portion between roots and leaves. This is the desert plant grows wildly in the arid Rayalseema region without the need of much water or fertilizers.
    31 August, Ephedrine found in methamphetamine is a substitute for cocaine heroine etc. and its smuggling to south-africa from kerala is increasing.
    1 Sept, Swine flu : H1N1 virus.
    1 Sept, Solution to yettinahole issue can be resolved by providing 36 tmcft of water from the Linganamakki reservoir to parched areas in Chikkaballapur and Kolar districts through pipelines.
    2 Sept, Water in Krishna touched the rock bottom due to bad monsson this year.
    2 Sept, According to a research people who sleep less than 6 hours on an average are more likely to catch a cold when exposed to the virus.
    2 Sept, As state government has not submitted yet the Detailed Project Report for Cauvery-Vaigai-Gundar interlinking project it could not proceed further.
    2 Sept, People who spent more hours in their 30s watching TV each day_ the higher the likelihood that they will have a greater BMI and bigger waist circumference five years later.
    4 Sept, After Delhi Court order now Ola will run only CNG cabs in Delhi.
    4 Sept, Large number of check dams constructed by Maharashtra on Godavari river creating problems for Telangana. CM Rao want to make optimal use of water from Pranahita and Indravati rivers.
    4 Sept, A sheep in Australia breaks world record by giving as much as 40.45 kg of wool.
    4 Sept, Even though Maharashtra banned beef slaughter in their state_ but animals are still getting sold to neighboring Telangana’s Adilabad district.
    5 Sept, ESA in Kerala may be 9839 sq km against Kasturirangan committee recommendation of 13108 sq km. Settlements and plantations have been excluded.
    5 Sept, Protest continue in Mahadayi waters and the Kalasa Bandurin nala project.
    5 Sept, Agitation against the Yettinahole diversion or Nethravati diversion project continued.
    5 Sept, Water level in Krishnaraja Sagar plummeting to around 50% of its total capacity of 49 tmcft which is worst ever situation in last 30 years.
    5 Sept, Yellow Throated Bulbul will be next addition in the conservation plans of the ‘Laboratory for the Conservation of Endangered Species (LaCONES)’ a conservation arm of the centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB).
    5 Sept, Shadow of drought looms over Gujarat as monsoon plays truant. The mainstay crops of groundnut and cotton are in a precarious position.
    7 Sept, Storage in major reservoirs in Cauvery basin falling off the limit.
    7 Sept, Parsis who left their dead bodies for birds now facing problem due to decreasing population of scavenging birds.
    8 Sept, According to a pan India survey Indian men are low on sunshine vitamin i.e. Vitamin D which causes osteoporosis due to its deficiency.
    8 Sept, Karnatka to approach Mahadayi water tribunal seeking interim award on sharing of water between Karnatka and Goa.
    8 Sept, Rivers in western UP like Kali_ Krishna and Hindon have been polluted to dangerous levels because of the industrial waste released illegally into the them by the industries. This pollution have also contaminated the groundwater of hundreds of villages located on the banks of these rivers thereby endangering the health of millions of people.
    8 Sept, Kumaon Mandal Vikas Nigam (KMVN) organizes the Kailash parvat yatra from Lipulekh pass in UK. Last year China opened an additional route to this pilgrimage via Nathu La pass in Sikkim.
    9 Sept, Frankenvirus which is believed to be 30000 years old emerges from Siberia’s frozen wasteland and warned climate change may awaken dangerous microscopic pathogens.
    10 Sept, Ambitious project of Andhra Pradesh government to Godavari river with Krishna is one step away from completion.
    10 Sept, As much as 50% of the notified forest area in Delhi has been encroached upon_ Delhi High Court directed the Delhi government to formulate an action plan after convening a meeting of all agencies concerned and submit a comprehensive plan within four weeks.
    10 Sept, Diabetes drug boosts bone fat and fracture risk and exercise can partially counterbalance the effect.
    14 Sept, Seeing the water scarcity problem in Karnatka film stars go all out in support of implementation of the Kalasa-Banduri Nala project.
    14 Sept, Diet rich in cocoa flavanols improve cardiovascular function and reduce stiffening of arteries.
    14 Sept, Cashew apples that are used to make Feni in Goa but over 90% of it are waster at present in Karnatka_ it will now enter as ‘Funny’ a cashew Apple Juice.
    14 Sept, Anthropologist view: Tribal people living in proximity to greenery keeps them in good health and not many get inflicted with diseases like high BP_ diabetes or asthma. They also exhibit a lower incidence of even seasonal fevers.

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