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Feb 5 th, 2016
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2013 Anthropology Optional Paper

Paper 1: Section A

1. Write notes on the following in about 150 words each:
a. How do you situate Anthropology in Social Sciences?
b. Various types of descent
c. Totemism
d. Linguistic Anthropology
e. Carbon-14 method of dating

2. 250 words
A. Why has the concept of culture relativism been so dear to Anthropologists?
B. Bring out distinguishing features of culture and civilization.
C. Where do you situate ‘live-in relationship’ within the institution of marriage?

3. 350 words
a. Discuss the impact of globalization on tribal economy.
b. In what ways in functionalism different from structural functionalism?
c. Differentiate between economics and economic anthropology.

4. 250 words
a. Discuss the impact of urbanization and feminist movement on family.
b. Bring out the contribution of Turner and Geertz in symbolic and interpretive theories in Anthropology?

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Paper 1: Section B

5. Write notes on the following in about 150 words each
a. Role of primatology in Anthropological studies
b. Differentiation between child growth and development
c. Ageing and Senescence
d.
Twin method in human genetics
e. Demographic transition

6. 250 words
a. Give a broad outline of Paleolithic culture emphasizing upon its tool technology.
b. What do you understand by ‘Genetic Load’ in a population? How is it measured and what are the important factors that can influence it?
c. Justify “Though human growth is under tight genetic control but it is influenced by various environmental factors”.

7. 250 words
a. Discuss the relevance of Case study method of data collection.
b. Elaborate upon major human adaptations to heat and cold.
c. What are genetic markers and what is their usefulness? Why are blood groups considered as good genetic markers? Illustrate with examples.

8. 250 words
a. Discuss how Neo-Darwinism integrated the fields of Genetics and Evolution.
b. What is meant by epidemiological transition? Elaborate upon its causes and consequences highlighting major health problems of our adult population today.
c. Differentiate between race and racism. What are three major races of the world? Give important biological criteria used frequently for such a classification.

Paper II Section A

1. 150 words
a. Sufi tradition of Islam
b. Threat to tribal languages in India
c. Examine the debates related to Ramapithecus
d. Discuss how Louis Dumont explained caste system
e. Discuss salient features of Mesolithic culture in India with special reference to western India.

2. 250 words
a. Examine nature-man –spirit complex as an ecological concept.
b. Indian Paleolithic culture can neither be conceived chronologically homogenous nor as a uniform cultural phase. Discuss.
c. Discuss the significance of study of religious centres to the understanding of Indian civilization.

3. 375 words
a. Examine the anthropological contributions dealing with tribes and Indian civilization.
b. What is Jajmani system? Examine the views on jajmani system as an egalitarian as well as exploitative system. Giver reasons for its decline.

4. 250 words
a. Indian farmers are not slow to react to economic opportunities. Discuss this statement
b. Examine the criticisms on the concept of dominant caste.
c. Discuss the contributions of H.D.Sankalia to prehistoric anthropology in India.

Paper 2: Section B

5. 150 words
a. Government action towards Left Wing Extremism
b. Role of Gramsabha under PESA.
c. Impacts of sanctuaries and national parks on tribal populations.
d. Linguistic classification of Indian tribes

6. 250 words
a. 5th and 6th schedule of the constitution are built on the foundations laid by the colonial government.. Discuss.
b. Discuss the significance of cultural and administrative factors in tribal development.
c. Examine the impacts of green revolution on rural poor.

7. 250 words
a. Discuss the criticism leveled against anthropology in the context of ‘Isolation, and assimilation debate’ on tribal populations.
b. Assess the contributions of early 20th century ethnographic tradition to Indian anthropology.
c. Discuss how british policies dispossessed tribals of their communal properties and agricultural lands.

8. 250 words
a. Discuss alternatives for shifting cultivators in the context of ecological costs and humanistic examples.
b. Examine the impact of non-tribal contact on socio-cultural institutions of tribal people with suitable examples.
c. Discuss the social disabilities suffered by SCs.

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