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Feb 5 th, 2016
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2011 Anthropology Optional Paper

Paper 1: Section-A

Write short notes on the following in about 150 words each: 15 × 4 = 60
1. Synthetic theory
2. Neanderthal Man
3. Field work tradition in Anthropology
4. Cultural materialism

Answer the following questions
5. Describe major skeletal similarities and differences between Homo erectus and Homo sapiens. 30
6. Man is a primate. Discuss. 30

Answer the following questions
7. Critically examine the contribution of Anthropologists in the interpretation of symbols. 30
8. Critically examine the debate between Formalists and Substantivists. 30

Answer the following questions
9. Discuss different modes of exchange in simple societies. With suitable examples. 30
10. Explain various anthropological approaches to study religion. 30

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Paper 1: Section-B

Write short notes on the following in about 150 words each: 15X 4 = 60
1. Genetic polymorphism
2. Personal identification
3. Conditions necessary for the operation of Hardy-Weinberg Law
4. Respiratory function

Answer the following questions
5. Discuss the application of anthropological knowledge in designing equipment. 30
6. Describe different methods of studying human growth. 30
8. Native highlanders are well adapted to the high altitude environment. Discuss. 30
Answer the following questions
9. Explain the application of anthropological knowledge in genetic counseling, forensic science, sports and nutrition. 30
10. Define somatotype. Describe the salient features of different components of somatotype. 30

Paper 2: Section-A

Write short notes on the following in about 150 words each: 15 × 4 = 60
1. Philosophy behind Purushartha
2. Factors contributing to communalism
3. Iron Age in Gangetic region
4. Critique of the concept of Great and Little Tradition.

Answer the following questions
5. Modernity has entered Indian character and society, but it has done so through assimilation, not replacement.” Discuss. 30
6. Describe the linguistic elements in Indian population. 15
7. Discuss the relevance of the concept of Dominant Caste in the context of Contemporary Indian Society. 15

Answer the following questions
8. Describe the characteristic features of Mesolithic Cultures in India. 30
9. Evaluate the contribution of American anthropologists to Indian anthropology. 30

Answer the following questions
10. Discuss the significance of Sohan in Indian Prehistory. 30
11. Critically examine the theories of Origin of Castes. 30

Paper 2: Section-B

Write short notes on the following in about 150 words each: 15 × 4 = 60
12. Forest Rights Act-2006
13. Tribal Panchsheel
14. Future of Hunting and Gathering Tribes
15. Left-wing extremism and tribals in India.

Answer the following questions
16. Discuss the impact of Hindu Society on tribal population in India. 30
17. Discuss the problem of displaced tribal communities with the help of recent examples. 30

Answer the following questions
18. Compare the approach adopted towards tribal communities during Colonial and Post-independence periods. 30
19. Discuss the distinctive features of tribes in North-east India. 30

Answer the following questions
20. “Tribes in India are not homogeneous group.” Discuss. 30
21. Discuss the impact of Urbanization and Industrialization on tribal women. 15
22. Asses the contribution of Varrier Elwin to Indian anthropology. 15

Answer the following questions
23. Examine Sankhya’s arguments for Bahupurusavada (Plurality of Purusa). 30
24. “Yoga is more than a psycho-physical exercise” Analyse this statement and support your conclusion with arguments. 30

Answer the following questions
25. Why do Carvakas reject a the concept of Akasa. Discuss. 30
26. Is the concept of Nirvana a logical necessity for the Buddhists? Give reasons for your answer. 30

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